Originally posted by ivan2908
Ok, I made this post once in general forum and I will do it again. How do I learn jazz harmony and patterns ? Is there any book or software.. I do not know all subvariations of jazz I want to learn its harmony well so I can make my own variations of popular songs or even to be able to put some fancy jazz passage in the middle of Bach preludium or Nirvana so ...[text shortened]... me theory and then put it in practice.
Sorry for the smilies, way too much of them
The scale that you quoted is pretty much the standard scale that a lot of traditional improvisation is built up from (a.k.a the Blues scale), but many people believe that trying to learn about Jazz, improvisation and harmony from this viewpoint is a little restrictive.
I would certainly echo the advice above and sing the praises of Jamey Aebersold and his excellent CDs - volume 24 (major and minor scales) is an absolute must for bridging the gap between classical and jazz scalic patterns.
If you are interested in learning about how to play Jazz music and the styles and genres that go with it, I can recommend a couple of books that I have used and are brilliant - Reading Key Jazz Rhythms by Fred Lipsius, and Jazz Conception by Jim Snidero. These are published by Advance Music, and are perfect examples of modern jazz designed for solo instrumentalists to learn from.
However, if you are really interested in taking the first steps in improvisation, you should consider learning about rhythm improvisation first James Rae has some good books here - albeit in a mainly child friendly manner, Jazz Zone is excellent, this leads nicely onto importance of the pentatonic scale (especially the minor pentatonic) which if you consider C minor pentatonic - C Eb F G Bb - it is only one note short of that blues scale you quoted and so is it easy to see the similarities and so the evolution of the scale too.
The next step it to then learn about the modal scales - think of C major scale but start from a different note. Each starting note has a different name and a particular sound - quite unlike those of the major and minor scale. Start on D (DEFGABCD) and this is the Dorian mode, Start on F (FGABCDEF) is the Lydian mode, G is the Mixolydian mode and so on. These 3 modes are the most used in Jazz, especially the Mixolydian mode - GABCDEFG - note the similarites to G amjor, but with a flattened 7th note, F natural - again like in the blues scale.
Getting used to using these modes will add a certain difference to the melodies that make them sound more like Jazz - and infact, a lot of musicians will even go further to mix up the modes by starting with One scale, and finishing with another (eg C D Eb F G A Bb C is a C scale, but starting with the Dorian mode and finishing with the Mixolydian mode) - confused yet? It can be quite baffling, but with diligent practice and focus on one area at a time, you will see results and will get a more rounded improvisation compared to sticking to the blues scale alone.
As for harmony, I would recommend studying chord types as a suitable addition first - if you can learn what makes up a C13 chord, or Gmaj7b5 then this will improve your knowledge of which melodic notes fit with the harmony and why other ones don't (even if they fit the scales you know!)
Finally, and I think it was mentioned earlier, the best way to learn is to listen. Study the masters and try to learn what they are playing and why it works - the more you listen to Jazz and study the lines they use, you can hear how things work and it can influence your style.
(What a long post)