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Debates Forum

  1. 21 Sep '17 21:34
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/sep/12/artificial-intelligence-face-recognition-michal-kosinski

    "Face-reading AI will be able to detect your politics and IQ, professor says.
    Professor whose study suggested technology can detect whether a person is gay
    or straight says programs will soon reveal traits such as criminal predisposition."

    "Using photos, AI will be able to identify people’s political views, whether
    they have high IQs, whether they are predisposed to criminal behavior,
    whether they have specific personality traits and many other private,
    personal details that could carry huge social consequences, he said."

    "Faces contain a significant amount of information, and using large datasets
    of photos, sophisticated computer programs can uncover trends and learn
    how to distinguish key traits with a high rate of accuracy. With Kosinski’s “gaydar” AI,
    an algorithm used online dating photos to create a program that could
    correctly identify sexual orientation 91% of the time with men and 83%
    with women, just by reviewing a handful of photos.

    Kosinski’s research is highly controversial, and faced a huge backlash from
    LGBT rights groups, which argued that the AI was flawed and that anti-LGBT
    governments could use this type of software to out gay people and persecute them."

    ".. preliminary results showing that AI is effective at guessing people’s
    ideologies based on their faces. This is probably because political views
    appear to be heritable, as research has shown, he said. That means political
    leanings are possibly linked to genetics or developmental factors, which
    could result in detectable facial differences.

    Kosinski said previous studies have found that conservative politicians
    tend to be more attractive than liberals, possibly because good-looking
    people have more advantages and an easier time getting ahead in life."

    "Facial recognition may also be used to make inferences about IQ, said
    Kosinski, suggesting a future in which schools could use the results of
    facial scans when considering prospective students. This application
    raises a host of ethical questions, particularly if the AI is purporting to
    reveal whether certain children are genetically more intelligent."

    "There are, however, growing concerns that AI and facial recognition
    technologies are actually relying on biased data and algorithms and could
    cause great harm. It is particularly alarming in the context of criminal justice,
    where machines could make decisions about people’s lives – such as
    the length of a prison sentence or whether to release someone on bail –
    based on biased data from a court and policing system that is racially
    prejudiced at every step."
  2. 21 Sep '17 21:39
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/sep/07/new-artificial-intelligence-can-tell-whether-youre-gay-or-straight-from-a-photograph

    " New AI can guess whether you're gay or straight from a photograph.
    An algorithm deduced the sexuality of people on a dating site with up to 91% accuracy,
    raising tricky ethical questions."

    This study was done only on white people.

    "The study from Stanford University – which found that a computer algorithm could
    correctly distinguish between gay and straight men 81% of the time, and 74% for women
    – has raised questions about the biological origins of sexual orientation, the ethics of
    facial-detection technology, and the potential for this kind of software to violate people’s
    privacy or be abused for anti-LGBT purposes."

    "The research found that gay men and women tended to have “gender-atypical” features,
    expressions and “grooming styles”, essentially meaning gay men appeared more feminine
    and vice versa. The data also identified certain trends, including that gay men had
    narrower jaws, longer noses and larger foreheads than straight men, and that gay
    women had larger jaws and smaller foreheads compared to straight women.

    Human judges performed much worse than the algorithm, accurately identifying orientation
    only 61% of the time for men and 54% for women. When the software reviewed five images
    per person, it was even more successful – 91% of the time with men and 83% with women."

    "The paper suggested that the findings provide “strong support” for the theory that sexual
    orientation stems from exposure to certain hormones before birth, meaning people are
    born gay and being queer is not a choice. The machine’s lower success rate for women
    also could support the notion that female sexual orientation is more fluid.

    While the findings have clear limits when it comes to gender and sexuality – people of
    color were not included in the study, and there was no consideration of transgender or
    bisexual people – the implications for artificial intelligence (AI) are vast and alarming."
  3. 21 Sep '17 22:03
    Originally posted by @duchess64
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/sep/07/new-artificial-intelligence-can-tell-whether-youre-gay-or-straight-from-a-photograph

    " New AI can guess whether you're gay or straight from a photograph.
    An algorithm deduced the sexuality of people on a dating site with up to 91% accuracy,
    raising tricky ethical questions."

    This study was done on ...[text shortened]... or
    bisexual people – the implications for artificial intelligence (AI) are vast and alarming."
    I'm not sure how your Guardian will ever use facial recognition, seeing as most of its readers have beards.