The Principality or Kingdom of Montenegro have significant military history.
Montenegro's outnumbered army decisively defeated the Ottomans in the Battle of Grahovac.
This is well-known in parts of the former Yugoslavia, though not by Westerners.
"On 1 May, the fighting started again as the Ottomans got military support from Bosnia.
But this time, Montenegrins took charge and attacked the Ottomans, forcing them into a
successive retreat. The biggest problem for Montenegrins was a well-armed Ottoman
artillery, which was constantly bombarding their positions with cannons. Eventually,
Montenegrins decided to charge across the battlefield and take over the cannons.
After they saw two of the commanders, Serdar (Count) Đuro Kusovac and priest Luka
Jovović, being killed while charging, the rest of the Montenegrin troops, including the
guardsmen, began a rapid advance with a shout: "Forward, to avenge our commanders"".
"The glory of Montenegrin weapons was soon immortalised in the songs and literature of all the South Slavs,..."
"in 2008, the Montenegrin government revealed an obelisk which honours the battle
and its participants. Both on the church and the obelisk read the same inscription:
"The monument to your bravery is Montenegro and its freedom."
Some of Montenegro's enemies learned not to sneer at Montenegrin courage in battle.