Originally posted by DeepThought to No1Marauder
There's China's ongoing occupation of Tibet, I don't know the timing relative to the Charter.
While Tibet had de facto independence during periods when China was unable to exercise
its authority on account of both civil war in China and Japan's invasion(s) of China,
Tibet never had international recognition as an independent country or sovereign state.
In the 1940s, this specific question was addressed (by the UK) to the United States.
The UK (which loathed Chinese nationalism for possibly encouraging Indian nationalism)
hoped to detach Tibet from China and add it as a 'protectorate' to the British Empire, but
the USA declined to go along. At that time, the USA's position was that Tibet remained
under the sovereignty of China (which then was led by Chiang Kai-shek, a US ally).
The USA accepted that China's de facto loss of control over Tibet--on account of war--did
*not* mean that China must lose its sovereignty over Tibet. (When European countries
were occupied by the Third Reich, did they lose their sovereignty over their possessions?)
The People's Republic of China's position (as I understand it) is that, as a successor state
to the Republic of China (which still exists, however, on Taiwan), it inherits all the rights
of its predecessor, including sovereignty over Tibet (which the USA has recognized).
For whatever it's worth, Taiwan's government also takes the position that Tibet belongs
to China, though it differs with Beijing about who should be governing all of China.
Tibetan nationalists were allied (though it did not amount to much practically) with Japan
against China. (As I recall, the Dalai Lama has said that, in his youth, his sympathies were
completely with Japan, which he regarded as fighting a righteous *defensive* war against China.)
Given the nearly genocidal nature of Japan's aggression in China, modern Chinese find
it hard 'to forgive and forget' about Tibetan nationalists' approval of the Japanese invasion.
Western general indifference toward Japanese war crimes in China is already known in China.
I know that the Western media nearly always uncritically accepts Tibetan nationalists' claims,
many of which are misleading, exaggerated, or uncorroborated and some of which are simply false.
In my view, neither China's government nor Tibetan nationalists should be trusted to provide
objective facts about the situation in Tibet.