Originally posted by @ashiitaka to Vivify
I have to take issue with some of the examples you have used to illustrate your point. The Korean peninsula was colonized and severely damaged by Japan (definitely not a western country) and was liberated after Japan's defeat in WW2. South Korea today is wealthy and prosperous due to help from the West and the adoption of western style democracy ...[text shortened]... up the eternal bogeyman, which distracts from the unsuccessful European country's own failings.
Ash's partially right and partially wrong about history.
"South Korea today is wealthy and prosperous due to help from the West and the
adoption of western style democracy..."
Extremely misleading. The USA did NOT consistently attempt to advance democracy in Korea.
For about 40 years, the Republic of Korea was generally ruled by a brutal right-wing dictatorship,
which persecuted its suspected dissidents almost as cruelly as the DPRK did to its dissidents.
The USA strongly supported this brutal right-wing (de facto) dictatorship in South Korea.
"North Korea is much worse off and was influenced by the USSR ..."
It's true that the DPRK asked for approval from the USSR but NOT China before it invaded the ROK in 1950.
(China wanted peace in order to rebuild after decades of war, not to get involved in another war.)
After the Korean War, the DPRK had to rebuild from scratch (nearly a moonscape).
In fact, the DPRK's economy did fairly well (not that far behind the ROK's) until the 1980s.
It's a myth that the DPRK's economic policies were always catastrophic from the start.
India became independent in 1947. The People's Republic of China was founded in 1949.
At that time, India and China were roughly at around the same level of economic development.
Despite some catastrophic blunders (Great Leap Forward), China (which has adopted
its peculiar version of capitalism) has become significantly wealthier than India.
India continues to have many regional movements for secession or autonomy.
Some of the most famous include Kashmir (with a Muslim majority that understandably
believes that India deprived them of a moral right to join Pakistan) and the now crushed
Sikh nationalist movement for an independent homeland in the Punjab (which triggered
the assassination of Indira Gandhi after she ordered the army to crush the Sikhs).
In short, India still has many minorities who really don't want to belong to India.