Originally posted by @wolfgang59
I've always had a distrust of the Turkish government, the way they
treat minorities, their inconsistent response to Islamic fundamentalists
and their snuggly relationship with US.
When Turkey invaded Cyprus where was UN or US or Europe? The US
made little objection because they were jealous of UK bases on Cyprus
and wanted bases in Turkey.
Tension? Not sure. But I reckon Trump sees Erdoğan as a hero.
"When Turkey invaded Cyprus where was UN or US or Europe?"
Wolfgang59 shows his complete ignorance of the historical context.
Turkey's 1974 invasion of Cyprus was precipitated by a military coup d'état, which put an
extreme right-wing Greek nationalist, Nikos Sampson, as dictator, who supported Cyprus's
annexation (Enosis)--including its Turkish minority--by Greece (then ruled by a right-wing military dictatorship).
If Cyprus were annexed by Greece, Turkey had reasons to fear the Greek persecution or
'ethnic cleansing' (to invent a term borrowed later) of Cyprus's substantial Turkish minority.
Enosis is explicitly banned by the 1960 Treaty of Guarantee.
"The 1974 Cypriot coup d'état was a military coup d'état by the Cypriot National Guard
and the Greek military junta of 1967–1974. On 15 July 1974 the coup plotters ousted
President Makarios III and replaced him with pro-Enosis (Greek irridentist) nationalist
Nikos Sampson as dictator. The Sampson regime was described as a puppet
state, whose ultimate aim was the annexation of the island by Greece."
"In response to the coup, on 20 July 1974 Turkey invaded the island claiming that the
action was compliant with the 1960 Treaty of Guarantee, taking control of the
north and dividing Cyprus along what became known as the Green Line."
"The Treaty of Guarantee is a treaty between the Republic of Cyprus, Greece, Turkey
and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland promulgated in 1960.
Article I bans Cyprus from participating in any political union or economic union with any other state [i.e. Greece].
"The treaty was used as justification for the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, in particular article IV of the treaty.
This article entitled these three guarantor powers to multilateral action among them or, as a
last resort if no concerted action seemed possible, each guarantor is entitled to unilateral action."
"Initially, a bi-communal independent state was at stake due to the July 1974 coup while
several Turkish Cypriot enclaves were attacked at the onset of the coup. Given these
circumstances, Turkey claimed the right to unilateral action as provided by this treaty by
first invading and creating a bridgehead and corridor between Kyrenia and Nicosia enclave.
In the second invasion campaign, Turkish forces invaded and held on to one third of the island,
resulting in effective partition of the island and secession of those parts of the island under
its military control. Hence, the serving invasion is regarded as a violation of this treaty."
In my view, Turkey's initial military intervention was at least understandable, if not justified
by the treaty, but many of its subsequent actions cannot be justified by that treaty.
Nonetheless, it seems wrong to claim that the Greeks were completely innocent in the events of 1974.