Siegbert Tarrasch–Emanuel Lasker World Championship 1908
An honorable mention, since several of these games are decided by mismanagement of the clock, is Carlsen’s loss in the first round of the 2015 edition of Norway chess. Due to his lateness, he missed the rules explanation, and wrongly thought he would get extra time on move 60.
Gata Kamsky–Alexey Shirov Tal Memorial 2007
The psychology of time trouble is also very interesting. Several factors, according to this article: https://chess24.com/en/read/news/the-psychology-of-time-trouble, which is worth reading, are lack of confidence, using time trouble as an excuse, or simply needing a lot of time.
Alexander Ivanov–Alex Yermolinsky United States Championship 1993
What does chess psychologist Nikolai Krogius have to say about time trouble? His practical advice in “Psychology in Chess” is to not get over-excited when your opponent is in time trouble, and, in it, to concentrate on the game. Simple, but helpful!