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  1. Standard member wolfgang59
    Infidel
    22 Aug '10 18:36
    Inspired by GPs Scotch Game post-
    How many openings/defences/variations are named after countries?
    Here are a few;

    Austrian Attack
    Danish Gambit
    Dutch Defence
    English
    French Defence
    Icelandic Gambit
    Italian Game (Giuoco Piano)
    Latvian Gambit
    Spanish Game (Ruy Lopez)


    Others?

    does anyone patriotically follow a particular opening?
  2. 22 Aug '10 18:39
    scandinavian defence (almost country 🙂 )
    Swiss gambit
  3. 22 Aug '10 18:41 / 1 edit
    scandinavian defense
    Portugese variation/gambit(in the scandi)
    Sicilian
    Scotch
    Russian defense(Petroff)
    Russian 3 knights
    Spanish 3 knights
    Polish opening
    Yugoslav attack
    Hungarian defense
    Swiss system....oh wait...😛

    toet.
  4. 22 Aug '10 18:45 / 1 edit
    Russian defense (Petrov)
    Yougoslav Defense (Pirc)

    edit: oops, too late
  5. 22 Aug '10 18:46
    Catalan (Catalonia was a country in the middle ages and is again autonomous within Spain)
  6. 22 Aug '10 19:08 / 1 edit
    Don't forget the original version of the French Defence:

    1. White resigns
  7. 22 Aug '10 19:12
    Various Indians (King's, Queen's, Nimzo)
  8. Standard member wolfgang59
    Infidel
    23 Aug '10 10:14
    Originally posted by Mephisto2
    Russian defense (Petrov)
    Yougoslav Defense (Pirc)

    edit: oops, too late
    I've never heard the Pirc called the Yugoslav Defence! 😲

    While checking on Wiki I discovered that Pirc is NOT pronounced "perk" ...
    oh dear - been playing it for 25 years and always called it "perk" :'(

    There is also a versuion of the Pirc called the Czech Defense
  9. 23 Aug '10 11:04
    Originally posted by wolfgang59
    I've never heard the Pirc called the Yugoslav Defence! 😲

    While checking on Wiki I discovered that Pirc is NOT pronounced "perk" ...
    oh dear - been playing it for 25 years and always called it "perk" :'(

    There is also a versuion of the Pirc called the Czech Defense
    Didn't know that either.I also thought the Ufimtsev was a variation in the Pirc,but it's yet another name for it.
    There's also an Argentinian attack in it.More news to me

    toet.
  10. Standard member wolfgang59
    Infidel
    23 Aug '10 11:39
    Originally posted by toeternitoe
    Didn't know that either.I also thought the Ufimtsev was a variation in the Pirc,but it's yet another name for it.
    There's also an Argentinian attack in it.More news to me

    toet.
    The Argentinian Attack was refuted in the 80s with the Belgrano Counter Attack
    😉
  11. Standard member atticus2
    Frustrate the Bad
    23 Aug '10 14:22
    Originally posted by wolfgang59
    While checking on Wiki I discovered that Pirc is NOT pronounced "perk" ...
    oh dear - been playing it for 25 years and always called it "perk"
    Yes, not 'perk' at all. I was taught early on to pronounce it 'pe-urts' although the Wiki says 'pearts'.

    Incidentally, 'Giuoco' is 'joo-okko' and the alternative 'Gioco' is 'ji-okko' or 'j'okko'; and 'Ruy Lopez' is 'roo'y' (like 'Roy' but with an 'oo'😉 & 'LO-pez', not 'low-pay'
  12. 23 Aug '10 15:23
    Apparently, Owen's Defence is also known as the 'Greek Defence'.

    Also, 1.e4 b6 2.d4 Ba6 is called the Guatemala Defence.

    1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 Nc6 (Mexican Defence)

    Other obscure ones from http://www.geocities.com/siliconvalley/lab/7378/eco.htm (I avoided countries already mentioned) >>
    1.d3 (Mieses; Valencia; Venezuelan Opening)
    1.Nc3 e5 2.f4 (Irish Attack; Polish Attack)
    1.c4 Nc6 (Anglo-Lithuanian Variation, English)
    1.d4 Nf6 2.b3 (Basque Opening)
    1.d4 Nf6 2.g4 Nxg4 3.f3 Nf6 4.e4 (Maltese Falcon 🙂 )
    1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6 4.Nc3 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 6.e4 g6 7.Nf3 Bg7 8.Be2 O-O 9.O-O a6 10.a4 Bg4 (Argentine Attack)
    1.e4 g6 2.d4 Nf6 (Norwegian Defence)
    1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.a3 Ba5 6.b4 cxd4 (Armenian Line, French)
    1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a5 (Bulgarian Variation, Ruy Lopez)
    1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4 6.d4 b5 7.Bb3 d5 8.dxe5 Be6 (Keres; Estonian; Howell; Moscow Var)
  13. Standard member wolfgang59
    Infidel
    23 Aug '10 18:42
    Game Over
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_chess_openings_named_after_places

    trust wiki to spoil it! 😠
  14. 24 Aug '10 00:39
    America gets no love 🙁
  15. Subscriber Paul Leggett
    Chess Librarian
    24 Aug '10 03:14
    Originally posted by USArmyParatrooper
    America gets no love 🙁
    There is the Cambridge Springs Defense (a variation of the QGD Slav), named after the location in Pennsylvania. Harry Nelson Pillsbury was the originator, I think, when he played it in 1904, if I remember correctly.

    The New York System as a defense against the Reti was introduced in 1924, if I remember- it's basically like a London System, played by black.

    And since there are citizens in the US who can claim lineage from every one of those locations, we can safely claim a family relation to just about any of them!