Originally posted by forkedknight
As far as I know, the only way to disect an equilateral triangle into smaller equilateral triangles is to cut it into a triforce, resulting in 4 smaller triangles.
4 is a square number.
The simplest way to dissect a hexagon into equilateral triangles results in 6 triangles.
An equilateral triangle also divides into 9 smaller ones, ... or 16, ... or 25.
How to prove?
Consider an equilateral triangle made up of rows of smaller triangles. Any row will have as many triangles as the one above plus 2. So the rows (satrting at top) contain 1,3,5,7,9 etc triangles.
The sum of any number of odd numbers is always a square so any
equilateral triangle can be made from a square number of smaller triangles.
nth odd number is (2n=1)
S = 1+3+5+ .... +(2n+1)
S= (2n+1) + (2n-1) + (2n-3) + .....+ 5+3+1
simply add the two lines above
2S = 2n + 2n + 2n + ... +2n
there are n terms so
Rubbish proof .... sorry