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  1. Zugzwang
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    24 Oct '17 02:18
    https://www.theverge.com/2017/10/23/16525222/stephen-hawking-phd-thesis-university-cambridge-open-access-research-physics

    "Stephen Hawking’s PhD thesis is now available online.
    Fans have already crashed the website."
  2. Joined
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    25 Oct '17 13:09
    Originally posted by @duchess64
    https://www.theverge.com/2017/10/23/16525222/stephen-hawking-phd-thesis-university-cambridge-open-access-research-physics

    "Stephen Hawking’s PhD thesis is now available online.
    Fans have already crashed the website."
    Did you read it? The ideas are quite old, obviously, but all the hand-written equations on type writer paper and crossed-out edits are very cool. Not sure why he didn't just use track changes mode in Microsoft word.
  3. Standard membersonhouse
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    25 Oct '17 13:52
    Originally posted by @wildgrass
    Did you read it? The ideas are quite old, obviously, but all the hand-written equations on type writer paper and crossed-out edits are very cool. Not sure why he didn't just use track changes mode in Microsoft word.
    In 1966?
  4. Germany
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    25 Oct '17 16:13
    Originally posted by @wildgrass
    Did you read it? The ideas are quite old, obviously, but all the hand-written equations on type writer paper and crossed-out edits are very cool. Not sure why he didn't just use track changes mode in Microsoft word.
    I guess you are joking, but Word isn't used (even today) for writing physics papers or dissertations.
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    27 Oct '17 16:07
    Originally posted by @kazetnagorra
    I guess you are joking, but Word isn't used (even today) for writing physics papers or dissertations.
    Yeah. Obviously. I just found it interesting reading through all the mistakes he made while writing it. It's refreshing.
  6. Standard membersonhouse
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    27 Oct '17 17:241 edit
    Originally posted by @wildgrass
    Yeah. Obviously. I just found it interesting reading through all the mistakes he made while writing it. It's refreshing.
    Are you talking about math mistakes or English mistakes? Is there a way to restate this thesis so a human can understand it? I guess there was no other way to do the thesis but typing in those days and I wonder how many pages he threw out due to typing errors?

    What was he saying in this work? I printed it out and am at a loss to understand what he was saying. I guess his work on black holes came a lot later.

    Is this work basically a critique of other work or is he actually pointing to some grand theory?
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    27 Oct '17 18:16
    Originally posted by @sonhouse
    Are you talking about math mistakes or English mistakes? Is there a way to restate this thesis so a human can understand it? I guess there was no other way to do the thesis but typing in those days and I wonder how many pages he threw out due to typing errors?

    What was he saying in this work? I printed it out and am at a loss to understand what he was saying. I guess his work on black holes came a lot later.
    The math is complete gibberish to me. But I think in each chapter he is addressing various implications of an expanding universe, how the universe is spatially organized while it's constantly changing and how change occurs. Isotropic vs. anisotropic? Open or closed?
    Chapter 1 asks "in an expanding universe how are the boundaries defined?" Chapter 2 asks "how does the universe change over time? What forces drive change? How is it simultaneously rotating and expanding?". Chapter 3 says something confusing about how gravitational radiation perturbs the universe. Chapter 4 pokes some holes in an anisotropic model of the universe, and I think lays the groundwork for the existence of gravitational singularities (i.e. the center of black holes).
  8. Standard membersonhouse
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    28 Oct '17 12:041 edit
    Originally posted by @wildgrass
    The math is complete gibberish to me. But I think in each chapter he is addressing various implications of an expanding universe, how the universe is spatially organized while it's constantly changing and how change occurs. Isotropic vs. anisotropic? Open or closed?
    Chapter 1 asks "in an expanding universe how are the boundaries defined?" Chapter 2 asks ...[text shortened]... he groundwork for the existence of gravitational singularities (i.e. the center of black holes).
    It just doesn't seem to go anywhere as opposed to Einstein who came up with testable theories. Perhaps it was mainly a summation of the accomplishments of cosmology up to that point in time. I thought the idea of gravitational waves perturbing the universe was well known 40 years before that.
  9. Germany
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    28 Oct '17 19:18
    Originally posted by @sonhouse
    It just doesn't seem to go anywhere as opposed to Einstein who came up with testable theories. Perhaps it was mainly a summation of the accomplishments of cosmology up to that point in time. I thought the idea of gravitational waves perturbing the universe was well known 40 years before that.
    These days, it's very rare for a PhD thesis to contain really groundbreaking new work. For the most part, a PhD is a learning experience. Groundbreaking new theories tend to arise after scientists already have some experience. The importance of the PhD thesis as a piece of original research has diminished over time, and is now merely a formality, a document accompanying some research papers. In the 1960s, the importance of the PhD thesis was already quite minor.
  10. Standard membersonhouse
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    30 Oct '17 13:08
    Originally posted by @kazetnagorra
    These days, it's very rare for a PhD thesis to contain really groundbreaking new work. For the most part, a PhD is a learning experience. Groundbreaking new theories tend to arise after scientists already have some experience. The importance of the PhD thesis as a piece of original research has diminished over time, and is now merely a formality, a doc ...[text shortened]... ng some research papers. In the 1960s, the importance of the PhD thesis was already quite minor.
    My son in law Gandhi, did a Phd paper that was original, he is now known as the 'father of foraging' for his work equating the foraging path of some birds and other predatory animals, how they proved to be following a known mathematical function. That was around 1988. He married my daughter Heather, she has Ma in music composition and is working on Phd there, they both live and teach at Federal University in Natal Brazil and have two kids.

    I wrote some guitar pieces in honor of them, actually need to write one for Gandhi now, have for both grandkids and Heather.
  11. Germany
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    30 Oct '17 18:48
    Originally posted by @sonhouse
    My son in law Gandhi, did a Phd paper that was original, he is now known as the 'father of foraging' for his work equating the foraging path of some birds and other predatory animals, how they proved to be following a known mathematical function. That was around 1988. He married my daughter Heather, she has Ma in music composition and is working on Phd the ...[text shortened]... n honor of them, actually need to write one for Gandhi now, have for both grandkids and Heather.
    Every PhD thesis is "original," (unless plagiarized), but my point is that, at least in physics, it doesn't tend to contain groundbreaking new results, which are usually published in papers immediately. Biology might have different traditions though.
  12. Standard membersonhouse
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    30 Oct '17 21:57
    Originally posted by @kazetnagorra
    Every PhD thesis is "original," (unless plagiarized), but my point is that, at least in physics, it doesn't tend to contain groundbreaking new results, which are usually published in papers immediately. Biology might have different traditions though.
    His field used to be called 'biophysics' but they now call it 'statistical physics' perhaps to try to veer away from the perception that field is only tied to biology. It goes way beyond 'just' biology. Last I saw of him he was onto new ideas in solar cells. Not sure what he is about right now though.
  13. Zugzwang
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    31 Oct '17 01:341 edit
    Originally posted by @sonhouse to KazetNagorra
    My son in law Gandhi, did a Phd paper that was original, he is now known as the 'father of foraging' for his work equating the foraging path of some birds and other predatory animals, how they proved to be following a known mathematical function. That was around 1988. He married my daughter Heather, she has Ma in music composition and is wo ...[text shortened]... n honor of them, actually need to write one for Gandhi now, have for both grandkids and Heather.
    The 'Times of India' newspaper regards Richard Mabey as the 'father of foraging'.

    https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/science/Father-of-foraging/articleshow/12818983.cms

    "Father of foraging"

    "[Richard] Mabey meticulously documented all his findings, along with identification
    notes and recipes and published them in a book called Food For Free (1972).
    It became known as the forager's bible and has sold consistently ever since."

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Mabey
    .
  14. Germany
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    31 Oct '17 07:37
    Originally posted by @sonhouse
    His field used to be called 'biophysics' but they now call it 'statistical physics' perhaps to try to veer away from the perception that field is only tied to biology. It goes way beyond 'just' biology. Last I saw of him he was onto new ideas in solar cells. Not sure what he is about right now though.
    Statistical physics is a very old field of physics. It is mandatory in every undergraduate physics programme, usually focused on statistical mechanics and its relation to thermodynamics. Biophysics is a newer field, wherein some ideas from statistical physics are applied.
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    06 Nov '17 15:272 edits
    Originally posted by @sonhouse
    It just doesn't seem to go anywhere as opposed to Einstein who came up with testable theories. Perhaps it was mainly a summation of the accomplishments of cosmology up to that point in time. I thought the idea of gravitational waves perturbing the universe was well known 40 years before that.
    There's good stuff in there. As others mentioned, a Ph.D. dissertation isn't going to explain all the oddities of the universe all at once. It's a training exercise.

    He does new math and runs new equations to explain how the known forces of the universe could be impacting change over time. It also sets the stage for his work on gravitational singularities via mathematical proofs that they can exist.
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