Originally posted by whodey
Does anyone know which country has the largest militia in the world? It is Switzerland. That's right, Switzerland has no standing army. Instead, they train their citizens to use weapons and require them to keep them at home in case of attack.
So the question begs, why are there no mass shootings in Switzerland it seems?
The word “Militia” is, mentioned in the following sections of the U.S. Constitution—
Article I - The Legislative Branch
Section 8 - Powers of Congress
To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;
To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
Article II – The Executive Branch
Section 2 - Civilian Power over Military, Cabinet, Pardon Power, Appointments
The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States;
Amendment 2 - Right to Bear Arms. Ratified 12/15/1791.
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
Amendment 5 - Trial and Punishment, Compensation for Takings. Ratified 12/15/1791.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
Is there any reason to assume that the phrase “the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed” was intended by the Framers to be separable from the purpose of maintaining “a well regulated Militia”?
Is there any reason to assume (whatever else the phrase “militia” might have meant) that it was intended to refer to anything different in the 2nd Amendment than in the other Constitutional texts? For example, did the Framers intend that any member of the armed populace could be lawfully “called forth” by the legislative branch “to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions”, and when called forth “into the actual Service of the United States” to serve under the President as Commander in Chief?
None of that answers your question, of course. I simply wanted to suggest a parallel. I think we need to know more about the Swiss than I do...