Originally posted by AThousandYoung
Argentina has a much higher GDP per capita than Brazil (US $14,413 vs $10,551) and is very close to Mexico's ($14,932). About half of Mexico is temperate. Some of Brazil is temperate; interestingly, San Paulo, the biggest city in Brazil is in that region. Rio de Jeneiro (the second biggest city) is right on the border of temperate and tropical; th ken from Wikipedia. Yeah, yeah, I know. If you don't like the source please offer another.
You've made the following points favoring Brazil:
Strategic position for oceanic trade and Shared border with other nations (generalissimo the issue of bordering nations, you agreed)
Mexican corruption (countered by generalissimo appropriately noting Brazilian corruption)
You've made the following points favoring Mexico:
Border with the US
Temperate climate fitting pattern of high-development regions
Other than taking the position that temperate climates and global warming may be overdone as factors in the future (given that climatologists can't really say for sure that the entire earth will be warmer or cooler or break it down by region with certainly for the near or distant future, only that there will be change and variation)... I largely agree with the points made and countered. Both Brazil and Mexico have high levels of corruption compared to Chile and Argentina's reputations, but lower than most of the rest of Latin America. They are probably comparable on that one.
I strongly agree that geography and trade favors Mexico. The US economy is far bigger than all the small Latin American nations in South America that exclude Brazil and Chile which are the ones we are discussing as a benefit for Brazil (since Chile does not border Brazil and Brazil is the nation discussed), and this is not expected to change in the foreseeable decades ahead.
Furthermore, look what Mexico is actually doing with its trading position. It has signed NAFTA with the US and free trade agreements with the European Union and a few years ago with Japan. It signed free trade agreements with the Central American Nations as well as others, and has been making some progress with others nations. Brazil has like one or two regional trade agreement.
Mexico's trade exceeds that of most of Latin America combined.
During the years of Argentina's debt crisis and since, many Argentinians have emigrated to Mexico.
Mexico share a language with most of Latin America, and advantage which Brazil does not have.
Mexico borders 2 oceans, whereas Brazil just borders 1.
Mexico share the NAFTA agreement with Canada too.
A strength for Brazil that nobody has mentioned is the changing oil advantage.
Mexico's state-run enterprise is facing production declines due to political use of its funds that limit exploration and investment.
Brazil's stock-owned (technically still public) company Petrobras has discovered huge reserves in the Tupi field which led Lula de Silva to declare that God is Brazilian. They have an oil bonus (which will over time turn in to a curse against other competing sectors of the economy) while Mexico has a drag on its total growth and GDP numbers because of its declining oil fortunes.
Overall, I agree that in the short run, Brazil.
In the long-run, Mexico.