Originally posted by AThousandYoung
The US backed the Kuomintang side in the Chinese civil war, agreed by the 1970's that the PRC had won, but then held out for pretty steep conditions for the final reconciliation.
It requires a lot of US effort and determination to maintain this position. Something will eventually have to give.
Quote from JAMES C. P. CHANG, Harvard University:
"First, the U.S. acknowledges that there is one China; however, how to define and realize that is best left to the two sides of the Strait on a mutually acceptable basis.
Second, Washington encourages the cross-strait dialogue but will remain even-handed and will not apply pressure or mediation to either side. Because Taiwan is a
democracy, any arrangements between the two sides will have to be acceptable to the people of Taiwan.
Third, the U.S. insists that the Taiwan issue be resolved peacefully. The U.S. would
regard hostile action against Taiwan as a threat to the peace and security of the Western Pacific and a as matter of grave concern.
The fourth element of U.S. policy towards Taiwan is that, in accordance with the Taiwan Relations Act, the U.S. will provide defense articles and services necessary for Taiwan to maintain a sufficient ability to defend itself.
The fifth element regards Taiwan’s international space: in recognition of Taiwan’s importance role in international issues, the U.S. will support Taiwan’s membership where statehood is not a prerequisite, and will support opportunities for Taiwan’s voice to be heard in organizations where its membership is not possible."