Chemical formula is C7H14, and the substance seems to consist of a ring of 6 carbons single bonded to each other, with one of the 6 carbons linked to a methane with 3 hydrogens. The remaining 5 carbons have 2 hydrogens each.
I would guess one of two things.
1) There is no isomer for the substance, as there is only one shape for it.
2) The are two forms which are essentially mirror images of each other and largely functionally identical and possessed of the exact same properties.
For my money, I'd probably go with #1.
If, however, the question was about number of shapes for C7H14 WITHOUT the cyclo (loop) part, there could be a variety of shapes...
Molecules rotating and moving about the whole time, If you can get from one to the other by merely rotating the entire molecule a couple of times, then the two are considered identical chemically.
It is my belief that you can place the methyl at any point at either angle from any singular starting point by rotating the thing about the ring, and possibly "flipping" it by rotating the entire thing by rotating it at a perpendicular axis.
As such, there is only one shape for the substance. (I have long since discarded the idea that there might be a second "mirrored" isomer..)
statically speaking, there are two, but they flip easily (presumably the presence of the methyl group must make one form a teensy bit more stable than the other, but it's probably negligible) so effectively there is only one.
re: the original question, 39, excluding stuff with cyclobutane and cyclopropane rings. i don't know which (if any) of those is stable enough to exist
Originally posted by wolfgang59 The question was NOT "How many isomers?" but rather "How many DIFFERENT SHAPED isomers" placing the methyl group at a different position on the chair would give a different shape. no?
btw I'm thinking that these could be classified as stereoisomers(???) but chemistry isnt my thing.
No, they'd all be the same shape, though that shape could vary from one moment to the next due to conformational (not structural) changes. Stereoisomers require that the bonds be different between the two isomers, which is not the case for the different methylcychohexane positions of the methyl.
* As pointed out if we take the boundary condition: Methlycyclohexane, there is only one.
* If we look at different steric conformations, which are separatble by matrix techniques and have small but distinguishible different energy contents we do have:
# Chair shaped with equatorial methyl
# chair shaped with axial methyl
# boat shaped with equatorial methyl
# boat shaped with axial methyl
The energy difference between boat and chair is about 25 kJ/mol making the chair conformation the most likely and the difference between equatorial and axial methly is about 7.5 kJ/mol , making equatorial slightly more likely to occur.
However at room temperature 8and even below) the change is so quick that you "see" only an average signal when using NMR or IR to observe the conformations.