Probability question.

Proper Knob
Science 13 Oct '10 12:32
1. Proper Knob
Cornovii
13 Oct '10 12:32
It's been a long time since i did my probability module in college.

If i have two independent events occuring that both have a probability of 1/10. The probability of both of them happenning is 1/100?

Is that right?

And if i have three independent events occuring, again each event at a probability of 1/10. The probability would be 1/1000?

Have i remembered correctly?
2. 13 Oct '10 12:58
That's right. As long as they're independent.
3. 13 Oct '10 23:06
So, that means my chances of winning the "Pick 3"Lottery is 1 in 1000? {choose 3 numbers from 0-9 and match them all}
4. randolph
the walrus
14 Oct '10 02:37
Originally posted by PinkFloyd
So, that means my chances of winning the "Pick 3"Lottery is 1 in 1000? {choose 3 numbers from 0-9 and match them all}
Yes.
5. 14 Oct '10 02:47
Originally posted by PinkFloyd
So, that means my chances of winning the "Pick 3"Lottery is 1 in 1000? {choose 3 numbers from 0-9 and match them all}
Not sure on that one. Have you taken into account that after the first ball is picked there are less balls etc. Unless the lottery replaces the ball taken. (Haven't played this sort of lottery.) Don't ask me to calculate it though.
6. coquette
14 Oct '10 05:19
Originally posted by mtthw
That's right. As long as they're independent.
Probably.
7. 14 Oct '10 07:17
Originally posted by Taoman
Not sure on that one. Have you taken into account that after the first ball is picked there are less balls etc. Unless the lottery replaces the ball taken. (Haven't played this sort of lottery.) Don't ask me to calculate it though.
If the numbers can only be picked once (though it does not appear to be the case here), it's still quite easy to calculate; the chance would be 1/(10*9*8).
8. Proper Knob
Cornovii
14 Oct '10 12:44
Originally posted by mtthw
That's right. As long as they're independent.
So if i have 200 independent events each with a probability of 1/100million, that would be 100million x 10`200? (that should be 10 to the power of 200)
9. 14 Oct '10 13:19
Originally posted by KazetNagorra
If the numbers can only be picked once (though it does not appear to be the case here), it's still quite easy to calculate; the chance would be 1/(10*9*8).
If the order mattered. If it didn't, multiply by 6 (the number of permutations of three different numbers).
10. 14 Oct '10 13:211 edit
1/(100 million)^200...or 1/10^1600

Also know as "damn near to impossible".
11. 14 Oct '10 16:06
Originally posted by mtthw
1/(100 million)^200...or 1/10^1600

Also know as "damn near to impossible".
Yet we shouldn't misinterpret that claim. We almost certainly do have over 200 lotery winners of loteries with worse than 1 in 100 million odds.
What is 'damn near impossible' is for the same person to win all those lotteries (and hasn't happened).
12. 14 Oct '10 16:521 edit
Yet we shouldn't misinterpret that claim. We almost certainly do have over 200 lotery winners of loteries with worse than 1 in 100 million odds.
What is 'damn near impossible' is for the same person to win all those lotteries (and hasn't happened).
Or, equivalently, to predict in advance who the 200 winners will be.

It's true, though, you've got to keep an eye on your sample space. Massively unlikely events happen all the time. As in the Richard Feynman quote in a lecture: "I was walking to class today and the funniest thing happened: I saw a car with the license plate ‘ARW 357’. Can you imagine? Of all the possible license plates, what are the chances of seeing that one?"
Baby Gauss
14 Oct '10 18:13
Originally posted by mtthw
As in the Richard Feynman quote in a lecture: "I was walking to class today and the funniest thing happened: I saw a car with the license plate ‘ARW 357’. Can you imagine? Of all the possible license plates, what are the chances of seeing that one?"
The point of that quote is that it doesn't make sense to calculate the probability of an event after it already happened.
He says so himself when retelling that story.
14. 15 Oct '10 04:06
The Black Swan.
15. 15 Oct '10 10:40