a. The Burnt Offering
The burnt offering (Lev. 1:3), which was wholly for God’s satisfaction, typifies Christ as God’s pleasure and satisfaction. When the Lord Jesus was on earth, He made God happy and satisfied Him because He always did God’s will (John 4:34; 5:30; 6:38) and sought His glory (John 7:16-18). Whatever God wanted, Christ did. Therefore, He pleased God and satisfied Him.
According to Leviticus 1, the burnt offering was burned to ashes as God’s food to satisfy Him. The Hebrew word for burnt offering actually means ascending sacrifice. When this offering was burned on the altar, it became a sweet savor ascending to God for His enjoyment. This is the reason Numbers 28:2 and 3 speak of the burnt offering as God’s food. God’s food, the burnt offering, satisfies Him. As the fulfillment of the type of the burnt offering, Christ is God’s food. Christ has been “burned” to feed God and satisfy Him.
b. The Meal Offering
The meal offering (Lev. 2:1) typifies Christ in His humanity as food for God and especially for those who have fellowship with God and serve Him. In His humanity Christ is our food and constant satisfaction.
The meal offering was made of fine flour mingled with oil (Lev. 2:4). The fine flour, with its evenness and fineness, typifies Christ’s perfect humanity with its balance, evenness, and fineness. The four Gospels portray the fineness of the Lord’s behavior in His human living. The oil mingled with the fine flour signifies the divine Spirit. This mingling typifies the mingling of divinity with humanity in the Lord Jesus. The frankincense added to the meal offering (Lev. 2:15) signifies the fragrance of resurrection life. This is Christ typified by the meal offering, the mingling of humanity and divinity with the fragrant manifestation of resurrection life to be our daily nourishment and supply.
c. The Peace Offering
The peace offering (Lev. 3:1) typifies Christ as the Peacemaker (Eph. 2:15). Apart from Christ, we cannot have peace with God or with others. Because there can be no peace in the universe without Christ, we need Him to be our peace offering. Christ has “made peace through the blood of His cross” (Col. 1:20). Now as the fulfillment of the type of the peace offering, Christ is our peace (Eph. 2:14) with God and with one another. Through Him and in Him we have peace with God and man. As the peace offering, Christ is sweet and satisfying. In typology, the peace offering was food for God and the serving ones. Today, in reality, we with God may enjoy Christ as the sweet, satisfying peace offering.
d. The Sin Offering
The sin offering (Lev. 4:3) is a type of Christ as the One who died on the cross to deal with the sinful nature of our fallen being. As the sin offering, Christ has dealt with the sin that dwells in us (Rom. 7:20), the personified sin extensively described in chapters five through seven of Romans (5:12, 21; 6:12, 14; 7:8, 9, 11, 13, 17, 23). This sin is actually the evil nature of Satan. Because we are sinful, even sin itself, we need Christ to be our sin offering. As the reality of the type of the sin offering, Christ, who did not know sin, was “made sin on our behalf” by God (2 Cor. 5:21). According to Romans 8:3, God sent “His own Son in the likeness of the flesh of sin and concerning sin” so that He might condemn sin in the flesh. Through Christ as the sin offering, sin has been dealt with. In Him our sinful nature has been judged.
e. The Trespass Offering
Christ is also typified by the trespass offering (Lev. 5:6). We are sinful and have many sins and transgressions. God can forgive our sins only through Christ as the trespass offering. On the cross Christ bore all our trespasses before God. He “Himself carried up our sins in His body onto the tree” (1 Pet. 2:24). First Corinthians 15:3 says, “Christ died for our sins,” being “once offered to bear the sins of many” (Heb. 9:28). Therefore, as the sin offering Christ was made sin for us, but as the trespass offering He bore our sins.
f. The Wave Offering
The wave offering typifies Christ as the resurrected One. Leviticus 7:30 speaks of a portion of the peace offering being “waved for a wave offering before the Lord.” The words “waved” and “wave” indicate movement. This typifies Christ moving in His resurrection. The resurrected Christ is “waving”; that is, He is living. The wave offering, then, is a type of Christ as the resurrected, living One.
g. The Heave Offering
Leviticus 7:32 says, “The right shoulder shall ye give unto the priest for a heave offering.” To heave an offering is to lift it up. The heave offering, an offering heaved up before the Lord, typifies Christ in ascension and exaltation. As the fulfillment of the type of the heave offering, Christ is the ascended, exalted, transcendent One, the One who is “far above all” (Eph. 1:21).
h. The Drink Offering
Exodus 29:40 speaks of the drink offering. The wine of the drink offering was for God’s satisfaction; it was poured out to God for Him to drink. In the Old Testament a drink offering was poured out on one of the basic offerings described in chapters one through seven of Leviticus. The basic offerings are types of various aspects of what Christ is to God on our behalf. The drink offering typifies Christ as the One poured out as real wine before God for His satisfaction. Christ poured out His very being unto God. Isaiah 53:12 says, He “poured out his soul unto death.” Thus, Christ is the heavenly, spiritual wine poured out to God for His pleasure. Furthermore, the drink offering typifies not only Christ Himself, but also the Christ who saturates us with Himself as heavenly wine until He and we become one to be poured out for God’s enjoyment and satisfaction.
Hebrews 10:1-12 indicates that Christ is the fulfillment of all the offerings. He came to do the will of God (vv. 7, 9), that is, to replace the sacrifices and offerings, which were types, with Himself in His humanity as the unique sacrifice and offering for the sanctification of God’s chosen people. As this unique offering, Christ is the reality of the burnt offering, meal offering, peace offering, sin offering, trespass offering, wave offering, heave offering, and drink offering. In His death Christ offered Himself to God as the offering that fulfills all the types of the offerings.