LIST OF LIBERAL CHRISTIAN THEOLOGIANS AND AUTHORS:
ANGLICAN AND PROTESTANT
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (1768–1834), often called the "father of liberal theology," he claimed that religious experience was introspective, and that the most true understanding of God consisted of "a sense of absolute dependence".
William Ellery Channing (1780–1842), Unitarian liberal theologian in the United States, who rejected the Trinity and the strength of scriptural authority, in favor of purely rationalistic "natural religion".
Charles Augustus Briggs (1841–1913), early advocate of higher criticism of the Bible.
Henry Ward Beecher (1813–1887), American preacher who left behind the Calvinist orthodoxy of his famous father, the Reverend Lyman Beecher, to instead preach the Social Gospel of liberal Christianity.
Adolf von Harnack, (1851–1930), German theologian and church historian, promoted the Social Gospel.
Charles Fillmore (1854–1948), Christian mystic influenced by Emerson; co-founder, with his wife, Myrtle Fillmore, of the Unity Church.
Harry Emerson Fosdick (1878–1969), a Northern Baptist, founding pastor of New York's Riverside Church in 1922.
Rudolf Bultmann (1884–1976), German biblical scholar, liberal Christian theologian until 1924.
Paul Tillich (1886–1965), seminal figure in liberal Christianity; synthesized liberal Protestant theology with existentialist philosophy.
Leslie Weatherhead (1893–1976), English preacher and author of The Will of God and The Christian Agnostic
Lloyd Geering (1918&ndash
, New Zealand liberal theologian.
Paul Moore, Jr. (1919–2003), 13th Episcopal Bishop, New York Diocese
John A.T. Robinson (1919–1983), Anglican Bishop of Woolwich, author of Honest to God; later in life returned to orthodoxy, and dedicated himself to demonstrating very early authorship of the New Testament writings, publishing his findings in Redating the New Testament.
John Hick (1922-2012) British philosopher of religion and liberal theologian.
William Sloane Coffin (1924–2006), Senior Minister at the Riverside Church in New York City, and President of SANE/Freeze (now Peace Action).
John Shelby Spong (1931&ndash
, Episcopalian bishop and very prolific author of books such as A New Christianity for a New World, in which he wrote of his rejection of historical religious and Christian beliefs such as Theism (belief in God as an external deity), the afterlife, miracles, and the Resurrection.
Richard Holloway (1933-), Bishop of Edinburgh 1986-2000.
Rubem Alves, (b. 1938) Brazilian, ex-Presbyterian, former minister, retired professor from UNICAMP, seminal figure in the liberation theology movement.
Matthew Fox (priest) (b. 1940) American Episcopalian priest and theologian.
Marcus Borg (b. 1942) American Biblical scholar, prolific author, fellow of the Jesus Seminar.
Scotty McLennan (b. 1948) Unitarian Universalist minister, Stanford University professor and author.
Michael Dowd (b. 1958) Religious Naturalist theologian and advocate of the Epic of Evolution movement.
Douglas Ottati, Presbyterian theologian and author, former professor at Union-PSCE, current professor at Davidson College.
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881–1955), a French Jesuit, also trained as a paleontologist; works condemned by the Holy Office in 1962. The condemnation was formally reaffirmed in 1981 but many theologians still refer to parts of his writings, including Pope Benedict XVI.
Yves Congar (1904–1995), French Dominican ecumenical theologian.
Edward Schillebeeckx, (1914–2009) Belgian Dominican theologian.
Thomas Berry (1914-2009), American Passionist priest, cultural historian, geologian, and cosmologist.
Raymond Edward Brown (May 22, 1928–August 8, 1998), a leading scholar of liberal New Testament exegesis, professor emeritus at Union Theological Seminary in New York (one of the leading centers of liberal Christianity in the United States).
Hans Küng, (b. 1928) Swiss theologian. Had his license to teach Catholic theology revoked in 1979 because of his vocal rejection of the doctrine of the infallibility of the Pope, but remains a priest in good standing.
John Dominic Crossan, (b. 1934) ex-Catholic and former priest, New Testament scholar, co-founder of the critical liberal Jesus Seminar.
Joan Chittister, (b. 1936) Benedictine lecturer and social psychologist.
Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza (born 1938) German feminist theologian and Professor at Harvard Divinity School
Leonardo Boff, (b. 1938) Brazilian, ex-Franciscan and former priest, seminal author of the liberation theology movement, condemned by the Church; his works were condemned in 1985, and almost again condemned in 1992, which left him to leave the Franciscan order and the priestly ministry.