THE OZONE LAYER IS NOT DISAPPEARING
It is widely believed that the earth's natural ozone layer is being
depleted because of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) used in
industry which escape into the stratosphere. There the CFCs,
the story goes, release chlorine atoms which supposedly
destroy the ozone.
In short, we are to believe that stratospheric ozone is
disappearing because of human industry. It is often predicted
that cancer rates will go up and crops will suffer as harmful
solar radiation reaches the earth's surface because of ozone
None of these popular beliefs is true. A few of these false
beliefs are refuted below. The Christian should remember
that God "formed [the earth] to be inhabited" (Isaiah
Because it is God's will that the earth support life, God will
preserve the earth. All gloom-and-doom reports about the
ozone layer should be evaluated in the light of this biblical
wisdom. The truth is that -
CFC'S DO NOT HARM THE OZONE LAYER
"CFC's are chemically stable, nontoxic, non-flammable, and
nonexplosive. Now ... CFC's are the subject of a worldwide
campaign blaming them for destroying the ozone layer. ...
"They tell us that CFC's, molecules much heavier than air, lift
themselves up to the stratosphere, 10 to 15 kilometers high.
There, because of the energetic solar ultraviolet, they lose the
chemical stability that characterizes them within the biosphere
and liberate their atoms of chlorine, which, they say, destroys
"On the other hand, the millions of tons of chlorine that are
belched out annually by the volcanoes of the world (I know of
what I speak: for more than 40 years my collaborators and I
have been studying volcanic gas emissions) would have but a
very secondary effect upon this destruction of the ozone, we
are told, compared with CFC's, whose mass of chlorine is but
infinitesimal compared with that of volcanic eruptions. The
alleged harmlessness of volcanic chlorine is not invoked, it
seems to me, simply to better incriminate the chlorine of the
CFC's."1 Furthermore -
THE OZONE HOLE IS IN THE WRONG HEMISPHERE
"How is it possible that nine-tenths of the CFC's called
freons are made and used in the Northern Hemisphere - the
hemisphere that is also the more populated and the more
industrialized - yet it is in the Southern Hemisphere, which
is for the most part uninhabited, that one sees the now
famous 'ozone hole'? ...
"I am quite familiar with [Antarctica], having led four
volcanological expeditions there between 1973 and 1979, right
into the heart of the continent -- near latitude 78, to the volcano
Erebus, halfway between the magnetic and geographic poles,
not simply skirting its edges as did some self-appointed
"Since this 'ozone hole' was Antarctic, I was stimulated to get
to the bottom of the question -- of the why. The conclusion of
my inquiry was that this hole was most probably in existence
at the time of the Shackleton expedition in 1909, and that
most probably, it is a natural phenomenon. Consequently, it
has nothing to do with CFC's, which did not exist at that time."2
It is also true that -
THE OZONE SCARE IS NOT BASED ON REAL DATA
"At Elf Atochem, one of the leading suppliers of CFC
substitutes in the world, the company president said, 'It is my
understanding that the current theories are developed from
modeling a series of chemical reactions that can neither be
scientifically proven as occurring in the real world nor
reproduced in a laboratory.' "3 As already noted -
ATMOSPHERIC CHLORINE IS FROM VOLCANOES,
"One of the authors (Roger Maduro), then a believer in the
ozone depletion theory, was gathering evidence to write an
article to show that the global warming theory was a scientific
"In the course of an interview weigh Reid Bryson, head of the
Institute for Environmental Studies in Madison, Wisconsin, the
author was startled to be told not to pay attention to the
ozone depletion theory because there was a volcano in
Antarctica that pumped more chlorine into the atmosphere
than did the entire annual production of CFC's on Earth.
If chlorine were indeed responsible for the Antarctic ozone
hole, then it would be this volcano that was responsible, not
CFC's, said Bryson.
"This information set the author, a geologist by training, on a
quest. A few phone calls later, the top volcanologists in the
United States had confirmed what Bryson had said. Mt.
Erebus in Antarctica pumps more than 1,000 tons of chlorine a
day into the atmosphere. "This meant that Mt. Erebus was
lofting more chlorine into the atmosphere in one week,
than an entire year's production of CFC's!"4 So what about
TYPICAL SCAREMONGERING PREDICTION ABOUT
THE OZONE LAYER
We hear, for example, that, "The unprecedented assault on the
planet's life-support system could have horrendous long-term
effects on human health, animal life, the plants that support the
food chain, and just about every other strand that makes up the
delicate web of nature. And it is too late to prevent the
damage, which will worsen for years to come."5 One rarely
admitted motivation behind such false reports is -
THE PROFIT MOTIVE BEHIND
"The giant chemical corporations, which are slated to make
hundreds of billions of dollars selling replacements for the
now-banned CFC's, are working with the environmental
movement, which has already made millions of dollars in
revenues from the ozone depletion scare.
"The U.S. environmental groups are able to finance the
promotion of environmental hoaxes like ozone depletion
through the more than $500 million they receive a year from
the major philanthropic foundations run by this nation's
financial elite - Rockefeller, Ford, MacArthur, and other
foundations. But money is not the only motive driving the
ozone hoax. Behind the actions to ban CFC's - and to cut back
on refrigeration - is the Malthusian ideology that the world
needs fewer people."6
It is God’s will that that the earth be preserved to support the
life that He created to be on it. But it is not man’s
responsibility to preserve or save the earth; God is doing
Man’s responsibility is to act as a good steward to care for
the part of the creation that God has entrusted to his hands
(Genesis 1:28-30; Genesis 9:1-3). For most of us, practicing
biblical stewardship means caring for the possessions, the
house, and the yard that God has allowed us to own.
But we must take care that our stewardship is not motivated out
of fear, for "perfect love casteth out fear." Stewardship
driven by fear is sin.
In short, the gloom-and-doom fears of ecological collapse
denies that God can effectively preserve His own creation, but
the Christian must trust in God to take care of us and of all His
creation. We are to be wise stewards, but out of love for
our Creator, not out of fear for the future.
Finally, by denying that God is Creator, and thus cannot
preserve His earth, evolution has cleared the way for modern
ecological fears. Modern environmental fears are therefore a
by-product of the modern belief in evolution. Such fears have
no biblical foundation, and as this paper has shown, ozone
depletion fears have no scientific basis, either. A similar
analysis would show that other fears of ecological disaster are
also without scientific foundation.
7 References. Bolding in quotations is added.
1 R.A. Maduro and R. Schauerhammer, The Holes in the
Ozone Scare, 21st Century Science Associates, Washington,
1992; Forward by Haroun Tazieff, former French Secretary of
State for the Prevention of Natural and Technological
Disasters, pp. ix-x.
2 ibid., pp. x-xi.
3 Industrie et Development, No. 28, June 26, 1991; in Maduro
and Schauerhammer, op. cit., pp. xiii-xiv.
4 Maduro and Schauerhammer, op. cit., pp. 1-2.
5 Time, February 17, 1992; in Julian Simon, The Ultimate
Resource 2, Princeton University Press, 1996, p. 270.
6 Maduro and Schauerhammer, op. cit., p. 2.
7 See J. Henry, "Envoronmental Collapse Is Not Happening, "