Originally posted by ThinkOfOne
Truth is a set of definite facts which exist independently of human perception and conception.
I don't disagree. However, that is not the consensus of a majority of philosophers and other professionals. It is just one view.
This is what G.E. Moore or Bertrand Russell might say. The correspondence theory of truth expresses the very natural idea that truth is a content-to-world or word-to-world relation: what we say or think is true or false in virtue of the way the world turns out to be.
What we believe or say is true if it corresponds to the way things actually are—to the facts. This idea can be seen in various forms throughout the history of philosophy. Its modern history starts with the beginnings of analytic philosophy at the turn of the 20th century.
This theory of truth, at its core, is an ontological thesis: a belief is true if there exists an appropriate entity—a fact—to which it corresponds.
A correspondence theory of truth, of any kind, is often taken to embody a form of realism. The key features of realism are that:
1. The world exists objectively, independently of the ways we think about it or describe it.
2. Our thoughts and claims are about that world.
In the later work of Russell, around1956, the existence of facts is the “first truism.” Here the influence of Wittgenstein's ideas to appear in the Tractatus (1922) on Russell was strong.
Russell attacks a different theory of truth by Joachim, the coherence theory: a belief is true if and only if it is part of a coherent system of beliefs.
The correspondence theory seeks to capture the intuition that truth is a content-to-world relation. It captures this in the most straightforward way, by asking for an object in the world to pair up with a true proposition. The coherence theory, in contrast, insists that truth is not a content-to-world relation at all; rather, it is a content-to-content, or belief-to-belief, relation.
Others have taken a pragmatic view and said such things as:
Truth is the end of inquiry.
Truth is satisfactory to believe.