Originally posted by @joe-shmo
In the past 44,895 days since this event why has the city of Toronto not been visible in Buffalo?
"On 25 August 1894 Scientific American described a remarkable mirage seen by the citizens of Buffalo, New York.
Mirage of the Canadian coast as seen from Rochester, New York on 16 April 1871
A Mirage Seen at Buffalo, N.Y. The people of Buffalo, N.Y., were treated to a remarkable mirage, between ten and eleven o'clock, on the morning of August 16 ...[text shortened]... n the past 44,895 days since this event why has the city of Toronto not been visible in Buffalo?
The event described isn’t a fata morgana
, if the account is accurate.
The person describes a scene wherein no distortion is prevalent, one which “showed the mirage did not cause the slightest distortion, the gradual rise of the city from the water being rendered perfectly.”
In very nearly all accounts of the phenomena, the clarity of distant objects is so poor as to make distinction next to impossible.
Those who don't report distortion don't report anything other than g
Additionally, the images people report observing otherwise are inverted, not upright.
Here’s some pics of different types of mirages from academia.edu, by Defrizal Markoni:
Among other highlights…
Fata Morgana mirages distort the object or objects which they are based on significantly, often such that the object is completely unrecognizable.
In another article, from the Clinical Experimental Optometry (2003; 86: 2: 109–120)
“The Min Min light and the Fata Morgana: An optical account of a mysterious Australian phenomenon
By John D Pettigrew
This explanation is based on the inverted mirage or Fata Morgana, where light is refracted long distances over the horizon by the refractive index gradient that occurs in the layers of air during a temperature inversion.
And another targeting mirages in general, from Andrew Young:
In all of these pics and descriptions, the images are distortions of objects distant to the observer, caused by atmospheric refraction.
The list of such observances is long, but the parameters are the same.
Without the ideal temperature conditions, these mirages simply do not appear.
Contract that dependency to the reliability of observation of distant objects regardless of temperature and another bigger question arises.
Namely, why are distant objects which are thought to be beyond the horizon observable all the time?
As I’ve described many times during the conversations on the topic, from my vantage point on Lake Erie, we are able to see objects 20 and 30 miles across the water which ought to be completely out of sight.
These objects are distinguishable, and do not appear to float in the air or even above the horizontal line.
They are visible during the day or night, on any given calendar day regardless of season.
One impediment to their visibility: bad weather, or haze.
Otherwise, anyone can see them at any time.
The reason I posted this video is because one particularly obstinate poster charged me with lying (makes literally zero sense and is unsupported by any such behavior) and further challenged me to provide a photograph of the same.
Since I don’t own a camera beyond my phone, this video’s maker used a kick-ass Nikon P900 which provided an excellent example of zoom in/zoom out from the recorder’s vantage point in order to allay concerns of cheating.
These types of recordings and images are abundant all over the internet; ones which show the exact same reality, none of which can be attributed to atmospheric refraction causing mirages.