Originally posted by angie88
Whether or not this is true or very far-fetched, I'm looking for the name of that branch of Christianity which believed (dunno if they still exist) that how wealthy someone is shows that God loves them or has chosen them.
I don't know of any sect of Christianity that fits that description.
Calvanism main tenant is 'once saved, always saved'. I don't believe they put much emphasis on wealth.
Puritanism has a very strict moral code, and include predestination. But I don't believe they focused on wealth either.
What you might be thinking of is an old Jewish mentality that if things were going bad, God was punishing you, and if things were going good, God was rewarding you. You can see this clearly in the Bible book named Job (pronounced Jobe - long O) In this book, Satan takes all of Job's family (except his wife), his wealth (he was rich) and even his health. His "friends" then come as hound him about what he did to anger God, but he stands his ground and says he did nothing.
Since Christianity is an extension of the Jewish faith, you can still see some of this mentality in some sects today. The "name it and claim it" preachers are going strong because people want to believe this. But it's not actually a Biblical teaching. This is nothing in the Bible what says, become a believer and all your troubles will go away. Quite the contrary, actually.
Hope this helps.