Sovereignty is God's eternal, infinite and unchangeable will expressed in the doctrine of divine decree in eternity past. As Supreme Being of all creation, God has supreme volition and prerogative.
(Deut. 4:39; Ps. 47:2; 93:1,2)
He is eternal, infinite and self-determining, therefore God's sovereignty is eternal, infinite and self-determining.
(Ps. 93:2; 8:1; 115:3; 135:6; Acts 5:39; Heb. 6:13; Job 9:12; Prov. 21:1; Dan 4:35)
By divine decree, the sovereignty of God and the will of man coexist in human history. Both are invisible, though their results are visible.
(John 7:17; Phil. 2:13, II Pet. 3:9)
The sovereign will of God, as seen in Ephesians 1:5:
"Having predestined us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will," as well as in II Peter 3:9:
"The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some men count slackness; but He is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance."
With respect to the Church Age believers, as in Colossians 1:27:
"To whom God willed to reveal to the Gentiles the glorious riches of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory." God willed to every Church Age believer the unique spiritual life, and not only revealed these riches, but Jesus Christ indwells each believer as "the hope of glory."
Functions of God's sovereignty
Final cause of all things: He created and maintains the universe.
Decreed to reveal Himself through the Bible.
Decreed a policy of grace.
The Father sent Jesus Christ to provide eternal salvation.
Always in operation, for the purpose of His glory, therefore, all
things exist for His glory.
(Ex. 33:18; Ps. 19:1; Isa. 6:3; Matt. 6:13; Acts 7:2; Rom. 1:23;
9:23; Heb. 1:3, I Pet. 4:14)
All decisions have been made from a position of eternal and
infinite strength. All decisions are based on His eternal wisdom and
omniscience. It is impossible for God to make a bad decision.
Expresses supreme rulership, wisdom, and grace in His decisions
that relate to us. With respect to dying, the time, manner, and
place of our dying are determined by decisions from His
sovereignty. He never makes a mistake or a bad decision with
regard to our living, and He never makes a bad decision with
regard to our departure from this life.
Principles of sovereignty
Functions in concert with all other attributes
Functions in conjunction with omniscience. He possesses the
wisdom to execute His will. There never was a time (even in
eternity past), nor will there ever be a time (even in eternity future)
when God does not know every thought, motive, decision, and
action of every rational creature, angelic or human. In
possession of all the facts, God has complete and total knowledge,
which makes His decisions perfect. All decisions are based on
His eternal wisdom and omniscience.
He has never had to reverse a decision, nor will He ever.
Works in conjunction with His omnipotence. Never arbitrary, God
has the power to execute His will under any and all conditions.
God's sovereignty and human responsibility are not contradictory in
human history, since God has sovereignly decreed the function of
the free will of man. This aspect of God's plan is to demonstrate to
Satan and all fallen angels that His judgment of them in pre-
historic times was absolutely, completely, totally fair.
God uses human will to accomplish His will, yet man's will is never
God's sovereignty does not minimize or compromise human
responsibility in history. The same sovereignty of God imputes
soul life to biological life creating human life at birth, keeping you
alive to reject or accept His will, the offer of salvation.
Any person who dies without reaching the point of accountability
at God-consciousnessis automatically saved because his free will
has not yet had the opportunity to accept or reject Christ.