Originally posted by FreakyKBH
I believe you are mistaking the eight 'rights' as though they were of the same realm as right and wrong. When all is seen as the same existence, can any distinction exist? Thus, the self-contradiction. What Buddhism teaches with words is betrayed by the intended meanings.
This is the confusion of being and existence, ground and figure, emptiness and form. All existents exist in/from/out of the same ground-of-being/being-itself, the all-of-all-of-all-of-it, which as such, as the whole, is One. There is no need to postulate a being beyond being—that is the claim of monists such as myself, aside from our differing speculations that we may from time to time indulge in about the nature of the one whole qua whole.
, illusion, is to recognize only the distinguishable forms—e.g., only the waves but not the ocean (being), assuming that the waves are separable from the ocean. Illusion is also to recognize, or assert, only the ocean and not the waves, when the ocean is “waving.” Ultimately, all existence is interwoven from the one ground; it is all “entangled.”
Once this model/metaphor is sufficiently complicated to include consciousness, willful interaction among the “waves,” and the like, then all sorts of valid questions come into play (including those of morality)—at the level of existence.
This is at least the Zen view; I can’t speak to other schools of Buddhism, except to say that at least some have a concept of reincarnation based on karma
—the consequences of your behavior in one existence carry over into the next. Some Zennists may speak of reincarnation, too; but it’s not a doctrinal requirement.
The five precepts of Buddhism are found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pancasila. (Yep, I had to look it up. 🙂 )