Originally posted by Suzianne
Of course there were no people at the time of Jesus we could call the Sumerians, because the Sumerians were all gone by the time of the rise of the Babylonians over 1500 years prior to the time of Jesus.
The Sumerians were from Sumer, a land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Mesopotamia, and the Samaritans were from Samaria, in the Northern Kingdom of Israel. There is NO connection.
The following is part of what wikipedia writes about the Samaitans.
Ancestrally, Samaritans claim descent from a group of Israelite inhabitants from the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh (the two sons of Joseph) as well as some descendants from the priestly tribe of Levi, who have connections to ancient Samaria from the period of their entry into the land of Canaan, while some suggest that it was from the beginning of the Babylonian Exile up to the Samaritan Kingdom of Baba Rabba. The Samaritans, however, derive their name not from this geographical designation, but rather from the Hebrew term Shamerim
, "Keepers [of the Law]".
In the Talmud, a central post-exilic religious text of Judaism, Samaritan claim of ancestral origin is disputed, and in those texts they are called Cutheans (Hebrew: Kuthim), allegedly from the ancient city of Cuthah (Kutha), geographically located in what is today Iraq. Modern genetics has suggested some truth to both the claims of the Samaritans and the mainstream Jewish accounts in the Talmud.
(from Akkadian Šumeru; Sumerian, approximately "land of the civilized lords" or "native land" was a civilization and historical region in southern Mesopotamia, modern Iraq
during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age.
Kutha, Cuthah, or Cutha (Sumerian: Gudua, modern Tell Ibrahim, Babil Governorate, Iraq) was an ancient city of Sumer
on the right bank of the eastern branch of the Upper Euphrates, north of Nippur and around 25 miles northeast of Babylon.
It appears to me there still could be a connection between the ancient Sumerians of Iraq and the Samaritans, who may have come from Iraq.