A way longer list of false prophecy
Watching Watchtower History
Written by: Branch, Rick/ Walker, James Posted on: 05/02/2003
Category: Cults / Sects / Non Christian Religions and Topics
Watching Watchtower History Research by Rich Branch, Arlington, TX
Compiled and written by James Walker and Rick Branch, Arlington, TX
Charles Taze Russell "by accident" happens into a religious meeting where "Second Adventism" was being taught by Jonas Wendell. Russell's "wavering faith" in the Bible is re- established. Eventually he concludes that, "...we were living somewhere near the close of the Gospel Age" (Zion's Watch Tower and Herald of Christ's Presence, 1916, pp. 170-171). Charles Russell, his father and others form a small Bible study in Allegheny, Pennsylvania (Zion's Watch Tower and Herald of Christ's Presence, 1916, pp. 170-171).
Second Coming: Another Second Adventist, Nelson Barbour, announces Christ's invisible second presence in 1874 (Zion's Watch Tower, February 1881, p. 3; Oct./Nov., 1881, p. 3) Christ returned invisibly (original date) and Armageddon began (The Finished Mystery, pp. 485, 513 and Zion's Watch Tower, 15 January 1892, p. 22). [see 1914]
Charles Taze Russell reads Herald of the Morning, a magazine by Second Adventist, Nelson Barbour, and receives its message with "surprise and gratification" (Zion's Watch Tower, 15 July 1906, pp. 230-31). Russell personally meets with Barbour who convinces him of the invisible presence of Christ in 1874 (Zion's Watch Tower, 1916, pp. 170-171).
Second Coming: Russell and Barbour jointly publish Three Worlds or Plan of Redemption. "This book set forth their belief that Christ's second presence began invisibly in the fall of 1874 and thereby commenced a forty-year harvest period. Then, remarkably accurately, they set forth the year 1914 as the end of the Gentile times..." (Qualified To Be Ministers, p. 300). [see 1914]
Growth: Russell publishes the first issue of Zion's Watch Tower and Herald of Christ's Presence forerunner of today's Watchtower with an initial printing of 6,000 (The Finished Mystery, p. 4).
Growth: "Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society" incorporated in Pennsylvania (Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose, p. 27).
Higher Powers: In volume 1 of Studies in the Scriptures released by Russell the "Higher Powers" of Romans 13 are identified as human government (p. 266). [see 1929 and 1962]
False Prophecy: Volume II of Studies in the Scriptures, entitled The Time is at Hand announces, "...that six thousand years from the creation of Adam were complete with A.D. 1872." It also predicts Battle of Armageddon, "...will end in A.D. 1914 with the complete overthrow of earth's present rulership" (pp. 76-77, 99, 101). [see 1894, 1914, 1932 and 1968]
Cross and Crown logo adopted for the cover of all Zion's Watch Tower magazines (1975 Yearbook, p. 148). [see 1928 and 1931]
Growth: First "national assembly" attracts 360 people (Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose, p. 33).
Joseph Rutherford begins his first study with Watch Tower representatives (Jehovah's Witness In The Divine Purpose, p. 65).
False Prophecy: Under the heading, "Can It Be Delayed?" until 1914, Watch Tower readers write with a serious question. "Now, in view of recent labor troubles and threatened anarchy, our readers are writing to know if there may not be a mistake in the 1914 date.... We see no reason for changing the figures nor could we change them if we would. They are, we believe, God's dates, not ours. But bear in mind that the end of 1914 is not the date for the beginning, but for the end of the time of trouble" (15 July 1894, p. 226). [see 1889, 1914, 1932 and 1968]
Russell begins a program for passing out millions of the Society's tracts in front of Christian churches (Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose, p. 40).
Growth: The first foreign Branch Office opens in London, England (Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose, p. 32).
Faithful and Wise Servant: "Who then is the faithful and wise steward whom his Lord shall set over his household, to give them their portion of food in due season? The implication seems to be that when the right time should come for understanding the parable, it would be clearly set forth: that at the time of the parable's fulfillment the Lord would appoint a servant in the household to bring these matters to the attention of all the servants, and that certain responsibilities would rest upon such a one respecting the dispatch of his duties" (Watch Tower, 15 April 1904, p. 3355-3356). [see 1919, 1923, 1969 and 1973]
Joseph Franklin Rutherford, who will become the second president of the Watchtower organization, becomes an "ordained" Jehovah's Witness minister (Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose, p. 65).
The "People's Pulpit Association" is incorporated in the State of New York (Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose, pp. 48-49).
Bible: Jehovah's Witnesses are told not to read the Bible by itself, because it is not the final authority. "Furthermore, not only do we find that people cannot see the divine plan in studying the Bible by itself, but we see, also, that if anyone lays the Scripture Studies (Studies in the Scriptures) aside, even after he has used them, after he has become familiar with them, after he has read them for ten years if he then lays them aside and ignores them and goes to the Bible alone, though he has understood his Bible for ten years, our experience shows that within two years he goes into darkness. On the other hand, if he had merely read the Scripture Studies with their references, and had not read a page of the Bible, as such, he would be in the light at the end of two years, because he would have the light of the Scriptures" (Watch Tower, 15 September 1910, p. 298). [see 1922 and 1951]
Intelligence: Russell provided this insight into determining the intelligence of a being. "Stand a man alongside of a dog. Look at their heads. The one slopes back; there is no place for the intellectual qualities at all, or at least a very small place for the thinking apparatus man has. He has more brain than the dog. If we could make a dog with the same head as a man, he would think the same as a man" (The Watch Tower, 15 March 1913, p. 667).
WORLD DOES NOT END [See 1894, 1929 and 1930]
Second Coming: Christ returns invisibly (Golden Age, 1930, p. 503; 1934, pp. 379-80). [see 1874, 1889, 1894, 1932, and 1968]
Second Coming: Mankind has entered the time of the end. "The Gentile times ended in the autumn of 1914, and Jesus was enthroned as Jehovah's Representative in The Theocratic Government. Three and a half years after that would end in the spring of 1918. ... The old heavens and earth having thus been disposed of, this wicked world, which has been in its `time of the end' since 1914, will come to its final end" (The Kingdom Is At Hand, pp. 328 and 350). [see 1918 and 1988]
Russell dies October 31st on a train in Texas (Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose, p. 61).
Faithful and Wise Servant: "Thousands of the readers of Pastor Russell's writings believe that he filled the office of `that faithful and wise servant,' and that his great work was giving to the household of faith meat in due season. His modesty and humility precluded him from openly claiming this title, but he admitted as much in private conversation" (Watch Tower, 1 December 1916, p. 5998). [see 1904, 1917 F., 1919, 1923, 1927, 1969 and 1973]
Joseph F. Rutherford becomes the society's 2nd President (Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose, p. 64).
Growth: Volume VII of Studies in the Scriptures titled, The Finished Mystery, was published as the "posthumous work of Pastor Russell." It taught:
Nelson Barbour is identified as "the Evil servant" of Matt. 24:48-51 (pp. 54, 386). [see 1876]
Jesus is the "Almighty" of Rev. 1:8 (p. 15).
False Prophecy: "Also, in the year 1918, when God destroys the churches wholesale and the church members by millions..." (p. 485).
Human government will end. "Even the republics will disappear in the fall of 1920" (p. 258).
"Abaddon" of Revelations 9 clearly identified as "Satan the Devil" (p. 159). [see 1969]
Faithful and Wise Servant: Pastor Russell identified as, "that wise and faithful servant" giving "meat in due season" (pp. 4-5). [see 1904, 1916, 1919, 1923, 1926, 1927, 1969 and 1973].
CHURCHES ARE NOT "DESTROYED WHOLESALE." [see 1917, 1929 and 1930].
Splinter group: Controversy over the release of The Finished Mystery creates splinter groups (e.g. Dawn Bible Students Association and Layman's Home Missionary Movement) over the next few years (Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose, pp. 72-73).
Canadian Government: In February, the Canadian government forbids anyone to possess copies of Watchtower periodicals. The government alleges the material contains seditious and anti-war statements (Jehovah's Witnesses In The Divine Purpose, pp. ...