Originally posted by vivify
Great point. Maybe that's why I can't get a straight answer anywhere else.
However, this is the same reason why the wage gap between men and women will take a LONG time to close. People don't want to attempt to answer this question head on.
If there are indeed numerous reasons, then numerous remedies are needed. It becomes less important to know THE reason. And as remedies are put in place (or occur due to societal changes) then the sticking points will be more obvious.
One example is that more women are entering and graduating from college. This is a very coarse-grained statistic. For example, what majors are men and women choosing?
"Women are especially underrepresented in most science, technology, engineering and mathematics majors (or STEM, as these fields are commonly called). For example, in 2007, women earned 17 percent of bachelor’s degrees in engineering, compared to 79 percent of bachelor’s degrees in education (Planty et al. 2009). Within STEM fields, women’s underrepresentation is particularly severe in majors like computer science, physics, and engineering—fields that include better-paying jobs after graduation, even compared to other mathematically demanding fields. In 2009, the average starting salary for bachelor’s degree recipients in mechanical engineering was $59,000, compared to $50,000 for bachelor’s degree recipients in economics (National Association of Colleges and Employers 2009). "
Also, what non-paid time commitments are work, such as taking a child to the doctor and doing laundry. How much time do working women spend on these activities instead of doing paid work?
"Working women spend their days somewhat differently than do working men. In 2009, on the days that
they worked, employed married women age 25–54 spent less time in labor market work and work-
related activities than did employed married men in the same age group—7 hours and 40 minutes,
compared to about 8 hours and 50 minutes. However, these employed wives spent about 40 minutes
more time than did their male counterparts doing household activities such as cooking, housework, and
household management. "
For hourly workers paid per hour worked, this is part of the disparity. For professionals, it might have some effect on raises and promotions.